THE 7 LATEST CARCINOGENS AND HOW YOU ARE EXPOSED TO THEM

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The 14th and latest report released by the U.S Department of Health and Human Services has recognized seven more substances as human carcinogens. A carcinogen is a substance or component that has the potential to cause cancer in human beings. Prepared by the National Toxicology Program (NTP), this report has been released keeping public safety and health in regard. The newest additions to this fatal list include five viruses, one metallic element and one chemical. Check out these newest carcinogens and the different ways in which you can be exposed to them.
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1. HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TYPE 1 (HIV-1)
HIV-1 is a virus that is usually transmitted via unprotected sex, infected needles or passed on from mother to child during childbirth or through breast milk (if the mother is infected). This virus is known to attack one’s immune system, causing AIDS, which in turn, can raise one’s vulnerability towards various cancers like Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and vaginal, vulvar, cervical, penile, anal, and oral cancers. Other cancers that can be caused include that of the skin, lungs and eyes.
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2. HUMAN T-CELL LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS TYPE 1 (HTLV-1)
HTLV-1 is another class of virus that spreads through infected needles, breastfeeding, or unprotected sex. Studies have observed that this virus can cause adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma. This is a rare form of cancer that can affect your body’s T-cells, especially the white blood cells which are vital to fighting off infections.
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3. KAPOSI SARCOMA-ASSOCIATED HERPESVIRUS (KSHV)
KSHV is a herpesvirus that is spread commonly through saliva. It is primarily spread through sexual conduct, particularly in homosexual men. Other means include blood transfusions or from an infected mother to a child. KSHV is associated with several cancers including two types of lymphomas and Kaposi sarcoma.
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4. EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS (EBV)
EBV is a type of herpesvirus that is usually spread through saliva. It is a virus that is capable of affecting almost 90 percent of the adults around the globe. Though most people infected by EBV remain unaffected, some cases can cause four varieties of lymphoma, namely Hodgkin’s, Burkitt, weakened immunity associated with non-Hodgkin’s and nasal-type extranodal NK or T-cell. It can also cause certain types of stomach cancer and epithelial cancer.
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5. MERKEL CELL POLYOMAVIRUS (MCV)
MCV is a virus that is primarily found on the surface of your skin. Healthy people tend to shed MCV continuously, which is considered harmless mostly. The risk occurs when your skin comes in contact with the skin or saliva of an infected individual, which would expose you to MCV, leading to Merkel cell carcinoma.
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6. TRICHLOROETHYLENE (TCE)
A common industrial solvent, TCE is majorly used to create hydrofluorocarbons. TCE has been listed as a potential human carcinogen since 2000. In the current report, experts have confirmed that it is indeed an active carcinogen. Prolonged exposure to TCE is known to increase the risk of kidney cancer. The different means through which you can be exposed to TCE include the air, soil and water in and around the regions where it is manufactured or used.
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7. COBALT AND COBALT COMPOUNDS THAT RELEASE COBALT IONS IN VIVO
Cobalt and cobalt compounds that release cobalt ions in vivo have been listed as a potential human carcinogen in the latest report. The list includes various cobalt compounds that are capable of releasing ions into your body. You can be exposed to cobalt mostly in industrial and military regions, as it is used to make weapons, rechargeable batteries and industrial equipment. Keep in mind that vitamin B12 does not come under this list as the cobalt embedded in B12 is bound to protein and does not release harmful ions.

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